This jumping spider is more than just a cute face. Their distinctive eight-eye layout provides them near 360-degree vision. The different sets of eyes detect motion, light and a wide array of color, even into the ultraviolet range. This allows them to make high-precision jumps, which they use to catch their prey. When a spider makes this leap, it first tethers itself to its perch, allowing it to climb back up should it miss. Despite their tiny brains, these are also considered to be rather intelligent spiders, with experiments demonstrating that they can learn and adapt hunting methods by remembering colors.
(Enterprise photo — Aaron Cerbone)